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Britain

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is comprised of Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales) and Northern Ireland. With a long and storied history, visitors to this island nation must devote ample time to its many treasures. Your Ritz Tours vacation flies into London, then proceeds via luxury motorcoach for an introduction to this spectacular nation: Stonehenge, Bath, Oxford, Stratford, Manchester, the Lake District, Edingburgh, York, and Cambridge.

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City Packages
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City Packages

Pick and choose the cities you want to visit to create your customized comprehensive luxury itinerary. Then call us for a quote if you need international air.
  • Comfort  - Choice of several luxurious hotels chosen for their location and service
  • Customization - A wide variety of cities to visit with option to add more nights
  • Inclusions - Knowledgeable sightseeing guide, transfers, meals as indicated
MORE ON BRITAIN

England – With a population of 52M, England is the most populous country in the UK. Its location lies in the southern part of the Isle of Great Britain. England is home of the famous Neolithic monument Stonehenge and gave birth to the legendary playwright William Shakespeare (Stratford-Upon-Avon). England is today a constitutional monarchy.

Scotland – Sharing a border with its neighbor to the south, Scotland occupies the northern third of the Isle of Great Britain. It was an independent monarchy until 1707, when it entered into a treaty with England to create the UK. Scotland is home to over 5M people, 90% of which are Scottish, the remainder being English and Welsh origin.

Wales – Bordering England to the East, the 3M inhabitants of Wales speak both English and Welsh. Its capital and largest city (population over 300,000) is Cardiff.
 

CLIMATE
The UK is located between 50-60 degrees northerly latitude, resulting in warm summers and cool winters with plentiful rain throughout the year. England has the mildest climate in the UK, with Scotland having the coolest and wettest average weather throughout the year.    The four seasons are pronounced in the UK, with each lasting about three months. A person visiting the UK can expect 3 out of every 10 days to be cloudy.
 
 
LANGUAGE
While the UK does not have an officially mandated language, English is spoken by 70% of the population. Welsh comes in second at 20%, followed by Irish at 7%, and then Scottish Gaelic at 1%.
 
 
NATIONAL HOLIDAYS AND FESTIVALS
England & Wales:
January 1 – New Years Day
March/April – Good Friday
March/April - Easter Monday
First Monday in May – Early May Bank Holiday
Last Monday in May – Spring Bank Holiday
Last Monday in August – Summer Bank Holiday
December 25 – Christmas Day
December 26 – Boxing Day
 
Northern Ireland:
January 1 – New Years Day
March 17 – St. Patrick’s Day
March/April – Good Friday
March/April - Easter Monday
First Monday in May – Early May Bank Holiday
Last Monday in May – Spring Bank Holiday
July 12 – Bank Holiday
Last Monday in August – Summer Bank Holiday
December 25 – Christmas Day
December 26 – Boxing Day
 
Scotland:
January 1 – New Years Day
January 2 – 2nd day of January
March/April – Good Friday
First Monday in May – Early May Bank Holiday
Last Monday in May – Spring Bank Holiday
First Monday in August – Summer Bank Holiday
November 30 – St. Andrew’s Day
December 25 – Christmas Day
December 26 – Boxing Day
 
 
MONEY
Although the UK is a member of the EU, the pound sterling is the official currency used in the United Kingdom. It is commonly referred to as the “pound” and locally called the “quid.” The pound is subdivided into 100 pence (likened to the US dollar being subdivided into 100 cents). Tourists will find it easy to exchange the US dollar for pounds: airport, local banks, post offices, travel agencies, or at the hotel. Credit cards are accepted at almost all shops.
 
 
ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS
The UK uses 240V